Blepharoplasty is a type of plastic surgery designed to correct eyelid defects, deformities, and aesthetically reshape the eye area. Due to the removal and/or repositioning of the skin and subcutaneous tissue, as well as the strengthening of the corresponding muscle and tendon tissues, blepharoplasty provides an opportunity to correct the functional and cosmetic problems of the eye area. The relational region starts from the eyebrow and ends below with the tash region. This operation is more in demand among women. In 2014, women accounted for 85% of blepharoplasty procedures in the United States and 88% in the United Kingdom. The goals of the blepharoplasty procedure are to restore the function of the affected eyelids, as well as to restore the aesthetic appearance of the eye and the eye area, which is provided by such measures as the removal of excess skin of the eyelids, the smoothing of the inferior ocular muscles, the dissection and stretching of the retroseptal fat cells of the eyelid to create a smooth anatomical transition from the lower eyelid to the axillary region. Due to the modification of the suprabony coverings of the bones that make up the eyeball, it is possible to correct the structure of the upper and lower eyelids, the tissue surrounding the eyebrows, the upper region of the back of the nose, and the upper region of the axilla. The upper bone consists of two layers:
1. Outer layer, which is formed by a dense network of connective tissue and blood vessels.
2. Concave layer, which is formed by the cylindrical cells of the connective tissue and a thin network of elastic fibers.
Oriental blepharoplasty (common among East Asians) differs from classic blepharoplasty. In younger patients, the goal of surgery is to shape the upper eyelid fold (double eyelid surgery), and in adults, to shape or lift the upper eyelid fold and remove excess eyelid skin (Asian blepharoplasty).